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News from PLOSOne

Pharmacologic and surgical therapies for patients with Meniere’s disease: A systematic review and network meta-analysis

by Nadera Ahmadzai, Wei Cheng, Shaun Kilty, Leila Esmaeilisaraji, Dianna Wolfe, James Bonaparte, David Schramm, Elizabeth Fitzpatrick, Vincent Lin, Becky Skidmore, Brian Hutton
Background Meniere’s disease (MD) is a chronic condition of the inner ear consisting of symptoms that include vertigo attacks, fluctuating sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus and aural fullness. Despite availability of various interventions, there is uncertainty surrounding their relative efficacy, thus making it difficult ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 23:00 UTC

Improved measurement of tinnitus severity: Study of the dimensionality and reliability of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory

by Elzbieta Gos, Adam Sagan, Piotr H. Skarzynski, Henryk Skarzynski
Objective The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) is widely used in clinical practice and research as a three-dimensional measure of tinnitus severity. Despite extensive use, its factor structure remains unclear. Furthermore, THI can be considered a reliable measure only if Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and Classical Test Theory is used. The more modern and robust Item Response Theory (IRT) has so far not been used to psychometrically ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Tue, 25 Aug 2020 23:00 UTC

Electrophysiological correlates of focused attention on low- and high-distressed tinnitus

by Rafal Milner, Monika Lewandowska, Malgorzata Ganc, Jan Nikadon, Iwona Niedzialek, Wieslaw Wiktor Jedrzejczak, Henryk Skarzynski
Objectives The study aimed at determining the EEG correlates of concentration on either low or high-distressed tinnitus.
Methods Sixty-seven patients (36 women, mean age = 50.34 ± 12.94 years) with chronic tinnitus were assigned to either a high (HD) or low (LD) tinnitus-related distress group based on THI results. All participants took part in the EEG study ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Wed, 05 Aug 2020 23:00 UTC

Prevalence, associated factors, and comorbidities of tinnitus in adolescents

by Jihye Rhee, Dongwook Lee, Myung Whan Suh, Jun Ho Lee, Yun-Chul Hong, Seung Ha Oh, Moo Kyun Park
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of tinnitus among adolescents, and the factors known or hypothesized to be associated with tinnitus. Based on random sampling of school types and regions, a nationwide hearing survey of the first-year middle and high school students of South Korea was performed. The subjects underwent an otologic examination followed by pure tone audiometry up ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 23:00 UTC

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension in patients with anemia: A retrospective observational study

by Zhonghua Ma, Hanqiu Jiang, Chao Meng, Shilei Cui, Jingting Peng, Jiawei Wang
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) mostly affects obese women in childbearing age, leading to frustrating headache and permanent visual impairment. The exact etiology of this condition is poorly understood, and the population at risk and clinical presentation seems to be homogeneous. However, little attention has been paid to the clinical features of IIH patients with anemia. We herein performed a retrospective ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 23:00 UTC

Tinnitus-related distress and pain perceptions in patients with chronic tinnitus – Do psychological factors constitute a link?

by Benjamin Boecking, Josephine von Sass, Antonia Sieveking, Christina Schaefer, Petra Brueggemann, Matthias Rose, Birgit Mazurek
Objective To investigate the co-occurrence of tinnitus-related distress and pain experiences alongside psychological factors that may underlie their association.
Method Patients with chronic tinnitus (N = 1238) completed a questionnaire battery examining tinnitus-related distress and affective and sensory pain perceptions. A series of simple, parallel- and serial ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Thu, 25 Jun 2020 23:00 UTC

Misophonia: Phenomenology, comorbidity and demographics in a large sample

by Inge Jager, Pelle de Koning, Tim Bost, Damiaan Denys, Nienke Vulink
Objective Analyze a large sample with detailed clinical data of misophonia subjects in order to determine the psychiatric, somatic and psychological nature of the condition.
Methods This observational study of 779 subjects with suspected misophonia was conducted from January 2013 to May 2017 at the outpatient-clinic of the Amsterdam University Medical Centers, location AMC, the Netherlands. We examined DSM-IV diagnoses, ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Wed, 15 Apr 2020 23:00 UTC

Patient reported long-term outcome after endovascular therapy of indirect dural carotid cavernous fistulas

by Lorenz Ertl, Hartmut Brückmann, Maximilian Patzig, Franziska Dorn, Gunther Fesl
Purpose Patient-reported long-term follow-up after endovascular treatment of indirect carotid cavernous fistulas is important, but rarely addressed in literature. We report on this issue with a special focus on the patient’s view and its impact on the indication evaluation process.
Methods We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients (n = 33) with a minimum follow-up interval of at least 36 and up to ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Fri, 10 Apr 2020 23:00 UTC

Effects of Vibrant Soundbridge on tinnitus accompanied by sensorineural hearing loss

by Jeon Mi Lee, Hyun Jin Lee, In Seok Moon, Jae Young Choi
Objectives Tinnitus is a common symptom among patients with hearing loss, and many studies have reported successful tinnitus suppression with hearing devices. Active middle ear implantation of the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) is a good alternative to existing hearing devices. This study evaluated the effects of VSB implantation on tinnitus and sought to identify the main audiological factor that affects tinnitus suppression.
Methods The ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Tue, 04 Feb 2020 23:00 UTC

Tinnitus-related distress after multimodal treatment can be characterized using a key subset of baseline variables

by Uli Niemann, Benjamin Boecking, Petra Brueggemann, Wilhelm Mebus, Birgit Mazurek, Myra Spiliopoulou
Background Chronic tinnitus is a complex condition that can be associated with considerable distress. Whilst cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) approaches have been shown to be effective, not all patients benefit from psychological or psychologically anchored multimodal therapies. Determinants of tinnitus-related distress thus provide valuable information about tinnitus characterization and ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Thu, 30 Jan 2020 23:00 UTC